The Autism Project's How-To Toolkit
Use the materials in our "How To" Tool Kit to help you support play and transitions. The "How To" Teach Tip Sheets detail how to teach the child to use Countdown Timers, FIRST/THEN Boards, Turn-Taking, and the Help, Wait and Break Cards available at www.toyboxtools.hasbro.com. The Cards are designed with popular Hasbro, Inc. toy characters and are designed to hold children's interest as they learn to use these important tools. The colorful and engaging cards themselves are available Free PDF downloads on the ToyBox Tools website.
Below is a collection of Tip Sheets written to provide you with clear instructions to reference when introducing new supports to your child(ren) or students. These "How To Teach" Tip Sheets will guide you to use these important supports with confidence with your child(ren) or students.
How-To Information Sheets
This information sheet explains beginning levels of play and the expected skill levels.
Everyday experiences and relationships impact your child’s development and create a pathway for their future growth. Read to learn how play impacts development for all children.
Many biological, psychological, and emotional changes occur from birth to adolescence. Children develop skills at different times, and each developmental milestone has it’s own normal range, however, there is a “typical” timeline that guides doctors, professionals, and parents.
The many new terms used in relation to a diagnosis can be overwhelming. This Information Sheet includes definitions of some of the more common terms and expressions used as related to ASDs.
Structure is often seen as a barrier to a child's development of play skills. Read to learn the important role structure plays for many children for whom play skills don't come easy.
How to Teach Tip Sheet
Teaching a child to ask for help from others is an essential life skill. Children that do not know how to request help may just wait for someone to come to them or “act out” to show they need help. Either way, an adult can teach a functional approach to ask for help. When a child is struggling and her frustration is increasing, her ability to communicate will decrease. A visual HELP Card will cue the child to seek assistance and will give her a means to communicate.
How to Teach "WAIT Card"
Teaching a child to wait is a valuable skill. Children must wait their turn in games, conversations, at the grocery store and in many other daily expectations. Waiting is a life skill.
How to Teach "BREAK Card"
Knowing when and how to be angry is a skill many children struggle to learn. As a result, children benefit from direct teaching on how to manage their emotions. In the beginning, an adult should initially label the emotion, describe the body’s response and teach when a BREAK is necessary. This teaching will take time for a child to learn and to develop as a new routine.
How to Teach "TURN TAKING Card"
Turn-taking is a life skill necessary for social success in all environments. Turn-taking is not a skill that develops naturally for many children. Many children need to be taught turn-taking skills and offered many opportunities to practice. Teaching turn-taking involves many skills such: 1) a social understanding of why we share; 2) self-regulation skills; 3) what to do when I am waiting; and, 4) knowing when to take a turn. By preparing a child to learn about turn-taking you are setting them up for successful play with peers.
How to Teach "COUNTDOWN Timer"
Children can struggle with understanding of time passing. Phrases such as, “in a few minutes” “shortly” and “almost done” can cause anxiety and challenges with transition. The Countdown Timer is a visual tool that helps children see the passing of time and prepare children for transitions.
How to Teach "FIRST/THEN Card"
Understanding the concept of time, order and multiple steps is an important life skill. These skills are the foundation of organizing an activity, your day or a long-term plan. The use of a FIRST/THEN Board is the FIRST step to teaching the important skill of following a schedule.